Become a Tax Preparer

An overview of how to get set up with the IRS and with Drake

Below are the most important steps you’ll need to take to become a professional tax preparer. The steps we cover are unique to tax preparation, especially meeting IRS requirements.

The information presented here applies to any new tax preparation business, whether you’ll be a solo preparer or will have a much larger staff.

We’re going to cover the five steps below, presented in the order you’ll probably have to do them, or that makes the most sense for doing them.

1. Get an EFIN for Your Firm

These days, becoming a tax preparer is usually synonymous with e-filing. In fact, if you file 11 or more returns—or expect to—the IRS wants you to e-file. Becoming an e-filer takes three steps:

  • Get an IRS e-Services Account for each principal or responsible person in your firm (see Pub 3112, pp. 8–9, if you need definitions).
  • Apply to become an Authorized IRS e-File Provider, also known as an Electronic Return Originator (ERO). The application is done online in your e-Services Account.
  • Pass an IRS suitability check. The IRS looks into the backgrounds of the applicant and each principal or responsible person on the application. It may check criminal records, credit reports, tax filing compliance, as well as prior e-filing compliance.

This process can take up to two months, and applying to become an ERO (step 2) takes most of that time, 4 to 6 weeks on average. So it’s best to not procrastinate until late in the calendar year, because if the IRS gets a backlog of applications at that time of year, you could face a delay in being able to e-file live returns.

Once approved, your firm will receive an Electronic Filing Identification Number, or EFIN. This number identifies the firm as the sender of any e-filed returns.

If you don’t already have an EFIN when you purchase Drake Tax, you’ll be assigned a temporary EFIN, which you can use to test e-filing. You’ll also use the temporary EFIN as your username when signing into the Drake Support website and using other Drake web-based tools. Remember, before you can e-file actual customer returns, you must apply for an EFIN with the IRS.

When you receive your EFIN, provide your E-File Application Summary with a status of “Completed” to Drake Software. Watch this video for important information.

You may send the EFIN document by:

You will receive a confirmation email once your document has been accepted and uploaded on your account. Please allow 4 hours for processing.

E-filing State Returns

Usually, getting an EFIN also enables you to e-file state returns, but you should know that some states have different or additional e-file requirements. For example, some states “encourage” e-filing much more forcefully than other states, and may even go so far to penalize preparers who send a paper return without a good reason.

A handful of states also require preparer registration at the state level: California, Maryland, New York, Oregon, and Virginia. So if you’re a preparer in one of these states, see your state’s tax department website for registration details. (A registration is not required to prepare a return for one of these states if your business is not located in the state.)

2. Get a PTIN for Each Preparer

Just as each firm that e-files must register with the IRS and get an EFIN, each paid preparer must also register and get a Preparer Tax Identification Number (PTIN). The IRS says that if you are paid to prepare or to help prepare a return — even if you don’t sign it — you must get a PTIN. The key factor is whether you take an action or make a decision that affects the outcome of the return.

PTINs are issued for one calendar year, and must be renewed annually. The cost is $64.25.

For complete instructions on who is required to have a PTIN, see PTIN Requirements for Tax Return Preparers.

How to Apply for a PTIN

  • Online – You can get a PTIN online in about 15 minutes at
  • By mail – Complete and print Form W-12. This option takes 4–6 weeks. Send the form and a check or money order for the fee to:

    IRS Tax Pro PTIN Processing Center
    104 Brookeridge Drive #5000
    Waterloo, IA 50702

PTIN-Related Questions

If you apply by mail and have not heard from the IRS within 6 weeks, you may call the PTIN help phone number to check on the status of your application:

Primary: (877) 613-PTIN (7846)
TTY: (877) 613-3686
International (Toll): +1 915-342-5655

Hours: Monday – Friday, 8 am – 5 pm (CST)

3. Get Drake Tax Software

Since being an e-filer requires submitting returns with a computer, you’ll need tax software for preparing and e-filing returns. When you comparison shop, we’re confident you’ll see these benefits to choosing Drake Tax as your tax software:

  • Drake Tax is an all-in-one solution, allowing you to prepare any tax return, personal or business, federal or state, as well as many cities and localities. There are no extra modules or packages to buy, ever.
  • There’s nothing extra to buy to offer e-filing or bank products.
  • Drake also has workflow tools to help you run your practice: Drake Accounting, Drake Documents, and Drake Tax Planner. (Drake Accounting is included for free with the Unlimited version of Drake Tax, or is available for $295 if you purchase the Pay-Per-Return version. Drake Documents and Drake Tax Planner are included free with either version.)
  • Drake has many setup options and built-in practice management features to help you run the software and your practice just the way you want.
  • Drake provides unequaled, U.S.-based customer support, which will usually answer your call in less than 10 seconds.
  • All in all, Drake is the best deal in the industry.

Our free Evaluation Package includes a demo copy of Drake Tax, which you’ll be able to use to learn entering data and preparing returns, as well as to explore all of Drake’s built-in client management features.

4. Get Training

Other than getting an EFIN and PTIN(s), plus getting Drake Tax, what else do you need?

Tax laws and professional responsibilities are always changing, making it essential to stay educated and informed. Drake Tax provides numerous training opportunities, including many that allow you to earn Continuing Professional Education (CPE) credits.

Note: The IRS intends to require 15 hours of continuing education annually for non-exempt Registered Tax Return Preparers (RTRP), but is currently enjoined from enforcing the RTRP program and associated requirements. Its goal is to ensure that all paid preparers meet minimum competency standards, and it is in the process of appealing the court’s decision. In the meantime, preparers other than CPAs, EAs and attorneys are not required to obtain continuing education.

Check out what we offer:

Web-based Training

Drake’s e-Training Center (ETC) is a central location from which you can get training for yourself and your entire office staff. You’ll have access to various types of training and, as an ETC administrator, you can monitor your staff’s progress.

A few of the courses and other training opportunities provided:

  • Tax Courses — Cover basic tax law and how it is implemented in Drake Tax.
  • The Registered Tax Return Preparer (RTRP) Study Course is a comprehensive, interactive and self-paced way to study for the RTRP test. The course consists of Study Guides, Study Quizzes, and a Practice Test.
  • Tutorials and Quizzes — Learn Drake Tax through step-by-step videos, and test your knowledge by taking the corresponding quiz.
  • Practice Returns — Get hands-on practice before tax season.
  • Webinars — Topics range from tax subjects to Drake applications. Presented with live panelists, so you can ask questions. For available webinars and to register, go to Drake ETC > Webinars > Available Webinars.

Live Training

  • Summer Live Training — Offered in the summer and early fall to help new users learn Drake Tax in a classroom environment.
  • Drake Update Schools — Offered each fall at various locations, the Drake Update Schools provide changes in tax law for the upcoming tax season, the latest in industry news, enhancements made to the software, and more.


  • Recorded webinars — Detailed instructions on setting up Drake Tax, preparing returns, and electronic filing. Go to > Videos.

Software Manuals

  • Evaluation Guide — A step-by-step tour of the software, with instructions for preparing 1040, 1120 and 1065 returns. Answer review questions along the way and finish by testing your new skills.
  • Drake Manual — Complete guidance and step-by-step instruction.

5. Where to Go Next

We have lots of other information that is particularly relevant to new preparers or new preparation businesses. Click the links below to find out more about us and what we offer to the professional tax preparer:

  • Products — Make sure you check out our other offerings and supporting products, including Drake Web-based Solutions (online tax return software), SecureFilePro (online client document storage), and GruntWorx (scan taxpayer documents and import into a return in Drake Tax).
  • Practice Management — Tools and resources that let you run your software and your practice just the way you want, and help you work better with staff and customers.
  • Reach New Customers — Check out additional revenue sources and extra client services.
  • Serve Your Clients — Increase your revenue by offering clients flexible payment and refund options.
  • Pricing and Purchasing — Compare and buy Drake Tax Unlimited and Pay Per Return versions.

Talk to Us

Drake is dedicated to being a partner after the sale, to serving you and helping you grow as a business. Need more information? Our helpful and knowledgeable sales representatives are standing by to help. Just call (800) 890-9500.


Call Sales at (828) 349-9669 or Toll-Free in Ohio, Tennessee & Kentucky (800) 890-9500

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